Glossary

This glossary is not supposed to be complete in terms of comprehensiveness. It is built up along with the articles posted here. Use the mouse to hover over the term for which you want to see an explanation. When the term is yellow you can click on it to open an external page with a longer explanation.

 

Absolute chronology

Archaeological excavation

Archaeological find spot

Archaeological site

Archive

Artefact

Assur

Assyria

Assyriology

Austin Henry Layard

Babylon

Babylonia

Benjamin of Tudela

Borsippa

Carsten Niebuhr

Charles  Leonard Woolley

Clay tablet

Cuneiform script

Cylinder seal

De Liagre Böhl Collection

Docket

Dorothy Garrod

Eanna

Ebabbar

Ecofact

Elam

End-of-archives

Ernest Walter Andrae

Ezida

Features

Firman (or farmān)

F.M.Th. de Liagre Böhl

Foundation deposit

H. Rassam

Hand copy

in situ

Ištar

Khorsabad

Matrix

Mesopotamia

Nabû

Nanāya

Nineveh

Opis

Papyrus

Parchment

Paul-Émile Botta

Persepolis

Pietro della Valle

Promissory note

Prosopography

Provenance

Radiocarbon dating

Relative chronology

Robert Koldewey

Silverization

Sippar

Social network analysis

Stratigraphy

Structures

Susa

Šamaš

Transliteration

Ur

Writing-board

Ziggurat